Continuing on from my first feature (see here
), this step-by-step explains how the techniques shown in part 1 can be modified to produce new small palms for use in a tropical diorama. The main difference from the previous feature is that this method makes a small palm tree, as opposed to a fern or plant.
Like the first feature, this method also makes good use of nature. Not one single piece of PE or plastic is used to produce the palms. This cuts down cost, as well as the frustration of waiting for the PE to arrive, assembling the tiny parts etc. Plus, in my opinion, nothing beats the authenticity of nature.
- A suitable small fern plant (If you think ferns don’t grow in your area, you might be surprised to find some underneath a rotting log, or otherwise the local nursery will stock them).
- Hemp rope (or Jute twine).
- Masking tape.
- PVA glue.
- A selection of green, brown, grey and yellow paint. I use enamel but anything is fine.
This palm tree was designed to (but not limited to) stand approximately 10cm tall, resembling a smaller species or a young, growing palm. For the trunk, a toothpick is the perfect armature to use. Next, take a piece of masking tape and cut into small strips, about 5mm x 15mm in size. Starting at the top, wind each strip of tape around the trunk, slightly overlapping each previous piece until the bottom is reached. This produces a result similar to the appearance of many palm trees in nature, giving the trunk a ringed texture. After the trunk is fully taped up, give it a brush of PVA glue to seal the tape on.
Next comes the painting of the trunk. In nature, the colours of palm trunks vary from dark-grey to a browny-grey. Since I own an airbrush, I have decided to use it to paint the trunks a dark-grey. This gives me an even and streak-free finish. A further wash of dark-grey was applied by brush to bring out the depth around each ring.
Just like the previous article, I have used natural ferns to replicate palm fronds. I also explained previously that it was necessary to preserve the ferns before using them in a diorama. After further experimenting, I have found that some natural materials can be preserved simply by painting. The ferns I am using in this feature can be preserved in this way.
The first step is to cut a small fern branch from the plant and leave it to dry out for a few hours. Depending on the species, drying times will vary. There should be very little moisture inside the fern when it is time for painting.
Step two. If you have an airbrush, prepare a paint mixture of roughly 70% green to 10% yellow to 20% thinner. Again this mixture will vary depending on the type of paint or colour you want to go for. Paint the ferns and leave to dry.
Step three. Glue some jute twine to the top of the trunk to replicate the stringy old growth. Glue the fronds onto the trunk. You can see that the fronds towards the top are ‘healthy’ while dying fronds droop towards the bottom. The dying frond effect was achieved simply by leaving the fronds for a few days before painting them a brown-yellow colour. To add further realism, the fronds should all be yellowed the further down the trunk they are. This can be achieved by giving the tips off each palm a yellow wash of paint.
Step four: Once the fronds have dried in place, your small palm is finished and ready to glue or attach to the base.
I hope you have enjoyed the article and now have at least some inspiration to make your own jungle foliage. Remember, this method can be adapted to suite your own natural produce and can be a money lifesaver compared to buying PE. It only takes a bit of imagination to result in some fantastic looking plants for your scene.
Invariably, some of the techniques or ideas explained here may have originated from fellow members on the site. It is not my intention to plagiarise anybody, rather to simply lay out in an accessible format these techniques for reference to other people. I must thank CheeKeong Loo [CKLOO] for his method of making trunks and his permission to publish it here.